KOHUNLICH AND BECAN
The archeological site called Kohunlich relatively extensive, covering some 21 acres and surrounded by dense tropical forest. Traces of buildings and the remains of a water canal and reservoir system leads to the conjecture that Kohunlich was an important city in its day. This site holds nearly 200 hillocks, or mounds of vegetation-covered earth covering and concealing ruins, many of them still unexcavated.
Available archeological information theorizes that Kohunlich received its first inhabitants around the year 200 AD, even though the majority of the most important structures were built between 250 and 600 AD. It is also thought that Kohunlich represented an important trade link between the cities dotting the Yucatan Peninsula and various Mayan cities found in Central America.
Building A-1, or the Temple of the Figureheads, is one of the most frequently visited because it houses stucco-molded figureheads that still retain the original red paint that once covered the entire temple. It is likely this building was constructed between 250 and 300 AD, and that the figureheads are very interesting symbols of Kinich Ahau, the “God Who Shines Like the Sun”.
The original name of the site is unknown, but the word Kohunlich, as it is called today, is not of Mayan origen; rather the name comes from a phonetic transcription of its original name given in English, “Cohoon Ridge”. To date, the site’s ancient name is unknown.